Nature dominated by the scalpel. The human's body in the XXI century.



What is the human body and what is beauty? This discussion lasts for centuries. "Neither the handling of the body, regulation and control of its functions or our attitude to it are not natural, universal and permanent. Rather, it is that society made the body as a physical creature every time something different”. Through changes in the approach to the body, the modification was made in the awareness of beauty and aesthetics. In the twenty-first century, the era of advances in medicine and consumerism have overshadowed natural appearance of the body, both in females and males. The benefits of plastic surgeries are used not only by Hollywood stars but also by mere mortals. ”Beautifying" of the body is not so much a need of improvement mother nature but is a type of ambition to achieving excellence derived from the magazine covers and television shows. This article is related to the phenomenon of cosmetic surgery, as a method of catching up with the modern canons of beauty. I will try to show, that despite existing in some environments aesthetic standards, surgeries are perceived by large crowds of people as something artificial, designed for Barbie and Ken rather than for people of flesh and blood.

Why do people undergo plastic surgeries? It is the essential question in this text that is necessary to understand the significance of this phenomenon. One of the famous sociologists said that "[...] the beauty becomes increasingly not innate, but acquired for an adequate sum of money." Just go to Venezuela, where plastic surgery is one of the best entertainment for local women. Its number is highest in the world exactly in this country. It should be noted at this point, that the Venezuelan women undergo a beauty treatment at the age of adolescence. Breast enlargement is carried out on forty thousand women each year. The youngest of them was fourteen. The surgeon was asked by mother to do breast augmentation as a birthday present for her daughter. She also has had a few "amendments". Plastic surgery has been established as a branch of medicine, aimed at reconstructing the irregularities resulting from accidents or congenital defects. Now it is the central element of control over the body.

People decide to operations for various reasons.

 First, they consider this as the most effective way to combat the ageing process. Folds of fat that hanging out from belly and cellulite on thighs can be easily removed by liposuction, collapsed breast by lift, removal of excess skin and crow's feet are filled with a dose of Botox. Thanks to this work of surgeon- artist, an adequate sum of money and a bit of own courage, body clock can be fooled. However, the result is the fact that the "beauty and prettiness are the opposite of the reality of life." There is nothing beautiful when middle age woman that maniacally strives to achieve the look of twenty years old is devoided of the numerous project possibilities of expression of their feelings and emotions through facial expressions. Despite the fact that men tend to covet an attractive, freshly-looking women forgetting about their artificiality, there is still a large part of them that appreciate naturalness.  Another reason to seek advice plastic surgeon is to increase the interpersonal attractiveness. “Pretty people have a better life." Such a statement can often be heard from many people, regardless of their physicality. According to them, it is easier to achieve success in either professional or private life to people who are awakening desire. The online survey asked, whether attractive people have the better life or not, and these are the results: 91% - Yes, 5% - NO, 4% - I DO NOT KNOW. “In my opinion, if you're not considered to be attractive, there is little chance for finding a job. It is easier to make a career in show business ... everything revolves around the body”. 

Physical attractiveness is one of the fundamental factors that push us to choose a particular partner. It is the basis of evolutionary psychology. For thousands of years, appearance was an important element in the selection of a partner. It is believed that beautiful person is a picture of health and carrier of valuable genetic material. Each of us dreams of healthy, strong, handsome children who will triumph in the future and will obtain honour. But is that entirely true? Is it true that nice is always better? One of the most important areas of life is work. Therefore, some people undergo treatments to increase their chances to take the dream position. Statistics show during the recruitment process that two people that are applying for a position that are on the same level of qualifications but differ with appearance, less attractive will be sent back empty-handed. Research conducted by students of the Warsaw School of Social Psychology in Warsaw in 2007 showed that:

- 22% of the study population strongly reaffirmed that physical attractiveness definitely helps to reach a higher position in society, 42% of respondents agree with this statement. the opposite view are only 14% of those surveyed,

- 29% of respondents believe that physical attractiveness helps in getting a job, 47% tend to agree with this statement, while only 8% are of the opposite opinion,

Thirdly, plastic surgery is a way to increase self-esteem. When we do not feel comfortable because of the long nose or drooping eyelids, the solution that will raise our self-esteem will be surgery. More exposed to poor self-esteem regarding of appearance are women, because as the fair sex, they must lead by example. They can not afford the slightest shortcomings. After surgery, they suffer even for few weeks, but the effect is surprising. Jealousy in the air. They push the chest forward, proudly presenting the “purchase”, even if the previous nose seemed neat for others. The most important at this point, however, is the feeling of the treated person. She feels richer and better with such a trivial reason such as lack of hump on the nose.

The last reason for which individuals use the services of aesthetic medicine is the feeling that surgery is the only cure for the complexes. This is connected somehow with the previous argument, although I can see here some of the differences. Complexes exert a strong influence on the behaviour of individuals, and they express them in many aspirations, fears, attitudes towards the environment and neurotic reactions. Defects or imperfections in our appearance usually are noticeable just by us. We imagine in our mind too generous shapes, small breasts, protruding ears and others. Although no one except us can see it, we consider this as a huge problem. There are two solutions. We can either put up with our complexes and accept yourself or submit to "repair". Nowadays more people will choose the latter option, but it requires more sacrifice and investment. After the treatment, we must learn to live from the beginning. It costs us a lot of stress and fear of what we see, but the long-awaited results reward all the moments of suffering. The pain will be gone, and we will feel complete. Such arguments underlie the time of doubt and help to overcome the fear.

So popular plastic surgeries no longer cause extreme emotions. No one pays a special attention to smaller nose or two sizes larger breasts. 


Although plastic surgery hasn't been invented in the twenty-first century, it got more prominent in everyday life. In various parts of the world, there is a different intensity of its popularity. Same thing applies while we speak about the motivation of people benefiting from such medicine. Some are attractive, yet unhappy with themselves, others need this to become more certain or they only feel that it will help them to succeed. One thing is for sure. These treatments, although they give us beauty and brightness, do not bounce off without echo. Many of them prove to be unsuccessful. It brings suffering, shyness, awkwardness. Besides, they cost considerable sums of money. Examples can be multiplied. Cher, Paris Hilton, Jocelyn Wildstein, Michael Jackson, Amanda Lepore or Donatella Versace are just a few of the victims of the scalpel. The impact on the success of the operation is not only the doctor who performs it but also a place in which it is held. To be able to enjoy not only appetising but also a healthy appearance, you should decide on the action after considering all the "pros" and "cons" because its results will be accompanied by your death. First of all, you have to think reasonably and judge if not actually possible to live in harmony with his own nature and do you really need the help of the surgeon to feel fulfilled.



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